Caviar is more expensive than a can of sturgeon fish meat. However, if you arrange a dinner, this is not luxurious enough because these tiny pops are delicious and give out of a world feeling, especially when these little pearls burst in your mouth.
However, Russian sturgeon produces top quality, expensive, and highly in-demand caviar worldwide. A big part of caviar in the world is from Russia.
Origins of Sturgeon Caviar
Do you know the exciting factors about caviar? Migratory sturgeon fish roamed in the northern hemisphere for more than 2.5 million years. This unique fish can grow more than 300 lbs. But the average weight of the fish is 60 to 65 lbs. This fish is notably encountered in the Caspian Sea’s cold water. However, the Caspian Sea laps the two Caviar-producing central countries, Iran and Russia. This fish is found in other areas, such as the Northwest Pacific Ocean, North America, the south region of the Athletic Ocean, the Black Sea, the South Atlantic regions of North America, and some rivers in Europe.
An interesting fact about this fish is that it lays eggs in freshwater, but it’s mainly saltwater fish. It is a ubiquitous part of the diet in Russia.
According to history, caviar has been used in Russia since 1240 AD. Its long history shows that people have used this product for years. The trade of sturgeon fish was common in some areas of Russia because caviar was part of the Russian diet. But surprisingly, in some areas, it was associated with royalty.
This decent fiesta penetrated Europe as a royal treat in the sixteenth century. According to British history, sturgeon fish was known as a “royal fish.”
Russia introduced its original caviar to the international market in the early nineteenth century. People were excited to consider this luxury item all over the world. But Russia was not the sole seller. Iran and Persia also started the trade of quality luxury delicacies.
Red, Brown, And Black Caviar
Do you know the mystery behind the colors of this luxurious supper indulgence?
So, the solution to this mystery will help you to distinguish between the original caviar in Russia and the common caviar.
There is no caviar in red color and no caviar in brownish color. These could be “salmon roe,” “trout roe,” and others.
Caviar is only the roe of sturgeon fish. An American fish, “paddlefish” looks like a sturgeon, and people are selling roe as a paddlefish sturgeon.
But it is the paddlefish roe, not caviar.
So, let’s discuss why the Russian industry is facing these issues. And why do people consider roe and caviar the same in the world?
Russian Industry of Caviar
However, back in the old days, Russia was the primary producer of this aristocratic item. In the early days of the 16th century, wild caviar was commonly harvested in Russia.
But now, the industry of caviar has changed. Two chief producers of caviar, Russia and Iran, are facing some issues:
- The Caspian Sea has a low population of sturgeon. The number of these fish decreases dangerously
- Black marketing and poaching are creating dire conditions
- The political disputes in Russia and Iran are a massive reason for reducing production
So, for all these reasons, the industry has started shifting towards the USA. They introduce trout caviar, salmon caviar, lumpfish caviar, and much more.
Accepting a range of roe from users as caviar increases the demand for American caviar (roe). So, people consider using this affordable American roe rather than importing expensive Russian caviar.
So, now a day’s, many farms are working for sustainable aquaculture. They are raising sturgeon and other fishes at farms to get caviar.